This is part two of 'Getting Your Natural Skin Glow On'. Part one is HERE to give you a quick round up on what this whole series is about. (I'm goint to try super hard not to sound too scientific in this post. ha)
The info in this post may be obvious to many. The intent, however, is for people like my sisters and some friends who are new to the skincare world and need to learn everything from scratch. Rather than send them to Google (which I often do), I decided to gather the info on google myself and condense it into this one post as most of the info in this post are already a FAQ in my life. Haha.
In this post, I hope to highlight the different skin types and in the next post, I will round up with products/ingredients that work best for the different skin types mentioned here.
Knowing and understanding your skin type is a major key to curating a skincare routine. At the core of a glowing skin is someone who understands her skin type. When you understand your skin type, you are better able to care for it which is key!
One of the biggest mistakes we make with skin care is using products that aren’t suitable for our skin type.
I have had my share of the consequences of not understanding your skin type. While I still have a lot to learn, I know a thing or two about what works for my skin. I used to think that just because I had oily skin, I was acne prone and needed to fight that acne before it gets me so I started using acne treatments even though I didn’t have acne. The effect of that was extremely dry skin and almost scaly in some areas.
Something important to note
Though skin type is largely hereditary, it may be influenced and changed over time by some external factors. Our skin responds to stress; stress can alter how skin appears. For example, in response to things such as a change in diets, pregnancy, change in hormone levels or even certain ingredients in skin care products, normal skin can become oily.
The major skin types include; oily, combination, dry, normal and sensitive. Of course, the skin like other organs in the body is highly complex, so, there will be people who fit into more than one of these categories as well as those whose skin type changes seasonally. There are also those who have other skin conditions alongside these skin typing which makes it complicated for them. With that out of the way, here we go.
Normal Skin Type
This skin type is characterized by a soft, smooth and even skin tone. This skin has minimal to no trace of excess oil or blemish. It usually appears very hydrated and radiant. People with normal skin types have a balanced complexion, barely noticeable pores.
Combination Skin Type
Combination skin type appears to be the most common. With this skin type, the skin is normal or dry in some areas and oily in other areas. The oily part of the skin is called the T-zone which consists of the nose, eye area, chin, foreheads and the high points of the cheeks for some people. The combination skin type is a tricky one. While some people with combination skin have pretty dry cheeks, others like myself experience very oily cheeks. Also for combination skin, the pores are significantly large especially on the nose and cheeks but fairly unnoticeable in other areas of the face.
People with combination skin types are more blemish prone than those with normal skin types. Occasional acne is also common with this skin type, however, depending on gene and other factors, acne scarring tends to fade fairly easily. Combination skin also tends to change seasonally like being super dry during the winter time and extremely oily during the summer and humid months.
It can be very easy to assume you are in the oily skin category rather than combination skin. A quick guide for this to check for more than one textures on your face.
Dry skin is fairly easy to know. This skin type has low amounts of oil on the skin. You’ll notice patched areas, some scaly areas or even eczema on the skin. People with dry skin often feel very dry throughout the day and their skin feels rough to touch and also feels tight even after applying moisturizer. Some people experience skin cracking especially in the winter months. Dry skin often appears dull with a rough complexion, itchy, irritated and easily inflamed.
Oily Skin Type
Oily skin is basically the opposite of dry skin. This Skin type is one in which excess sebum is produced. This excess sebum is often as a result of overactive sebaceous glands. (Sebaceous glands are the oil-producing glands in the skin and they produce the skin oil known as Sebum)
People with oily skin obviously tend to have very shiny skin, enlarged pores, thick complexion and blackheads/pimples. Oily skin always feels very greasy, the pores are enlarged and very noticeable which makes them more susceptible to being clogged from products and sweat.
Oily skin is also the most prone to blackheads and whiteheads as well as pimples and zits. It’s important to note tho that just because you have oily skin doesn’t automatically mean you will develop acne. I currently have very oily skin and still only break out one a month or every other month; gene plays a huge role in this.
Sensitive skin is characterized by redness, burning, dryness, and itchiness. Some people are naturally sensitive while others have skin sensitivity that’s triggered by external factors. People with sensitive skin can present with normal to enlarged pores and can often be in conjunction with the other skin types. E.g; one of my sisters has extremely sensitive skin but she also has a combination skin type.
So in the world of skincare, there’s no one size fits all. We are all unique and so is our skin type. What works for me may not necessarily work for you even if we both belong in the same skin category.
So If you know your skin type, BRAVO! If you do not yet, I hope this post guides you in finding out what your skin type is. You can read more about this. There are countless resources online and I’ve only scratch the surface to bring you the basics.
For those who ask, I am primarily a combination skin type in the winter months and oily during the summer months. However, I rarely breakout.